Travel And Tour Nepal Information
Nepal is a Himalaya kingdom, the word Himalaya refers to abode of snow. In Sanskrit “Himal” means Snow and “Alaya” denotes home. The country is well recognized as a country of mountains. There are 8 highest peaks of the world in the mountains range of Nepal. Mount Everest is one of the highest peaks in all over the world. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa were the first men to step in the pinnacle of Mount Everest. The physical feature of the Himalayan kingdom has been divided into three different entities, Mountain, Hill and Plain (Terai). There is diversity in races, languages, cultures and people. Nepali people are also known as Gorkhali, the word Gorkhali symbolizes the brave. As being complicated geographical structure there is high possibility of trekking, hiking, climbing, mountaineering and rafting and so on in Nepal. That is why; Nepal has become one of the best trekking destinations throughout the planet. The ancient city Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal. In medieval time the Kathmandu valley was formation of three unique kingdom “Bhaktapur”, “Patan” and “Kathmandu’’. We can still behold the artistic Newar craftsmanship of arts and architectures still the same as before. However, the earthquake of 1990 had destroyed some of the buildings or construction of that time. Three main Durbar Squares of Kathmandu valley are listed below:
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square
It used to be said “Hariyo Ban Nepal Ko Dhan” the meaning is Green forest is the property of Nepal. Despite the smallest country in the earth, the country is rich not only, in cultural subject matters, but also in natural resources. The fact is Nepal is one of the second richest country in water resources after Brazil and first richest country in all over Asia, Europe and Africa. However, the ridicules thing is, people are coping with load shedding, but rafting in the rivers of Nepal has gained popularity in all over the world.
Lists Of UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Nepal:
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square
Changu Narayan Temple
Chitwan National Park
Sagarmatha National Park
Economy of Nepal:
Nepal is listed in poorest countries in all across the world. Almost more than 75% of people are unprivileged from fundamental requirements like nutrition, education, health, transportation and so on. Agriculture is a backbone of the nation. Industrial revolution has not been risen up like the neighbor countries India and China. Basically, almost all the industries are designed to process agricultural products. However, there is high or remarkable possibility of hydro-power electricity. The hydro-power can generate 42, 000 Mega Watt of electricity. The root cause of under development of the country is unstable political situation; rather the 10 years of moist insurgency has worsened the economy of the nation. Foreign investors have not found appropriate environment to invest in Nepal. Besides, as a landlocked country, the country has not its own sea harbor, there is still unrest of civil movement and even the possibility of natural disaster. Tourism is the second main source of economy.
National Anthem of Nepal:
“Sayun Thunga Phool Ka”, the national anthem is written by Pradeep Kumar Rai and similarly, the music was composed by Amber Gurung (one of the top musicians in Nepal)
Nepali food signifies the culture and identity of the country. Nepali food can be compared to Indian food in terms of spicy use in food and the method of cooking. Dal Bhat Tarkari is eaten throughout the country. Newari food is very popular in Nepal, basically in Kathmandu. Similarly, Thakali food items can be seen in the restaurants in Kathmandu.
Universities in Nepal:
Mahendra Sanskrit University
Geographical Location Of Nepal:
Nepal is lies between two large countries India and Republic of China, which is exactly located in South Asia. The North part of the country is linked with China and rest of the boundaries are linked with India. There is a range of mountains from east to west in the North part of the country. Mid land is full of complicated hilly region. Similarly, the South part of the country is plain also known as Terai region, which is called the store of crops and food stuffs. The whole land has covered the area of 143, 351 square kilo meter and the rest of the area is covered by water is about 3,830 square kilo meter.
Tourism in Nepal:
Tourism is one of the major sources of economy. Tourism has been gradually flourishing in the country. Sir Edmund Hillary, the first climber of Mount Everest, has paved the way to enhance the tourism in Nepal. There are high possibilities of tourism in here. Nowadays, the country is recognized as the popular adventure destination. Geographical features, climate, cultural heritage, religious heritage and culture and tradition are the main attractions in Nepal. Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha, has drawn the attention of the world. Specially, Buddhists in all over the world want to visit Lumbini, the home of Lord Buddha, once in their life. Nepal is one of the adventure destinations in the world. To promote tourism in Nepal, even the people of rural area have been given training about Home-stay. Most of the people are involve in tourism and hospitality industry. This has created employments within the country.
Major Companies in Nepal:
Nepal Electricity Authority
Nepal Rastra Bank
Nepal Investment Bank
Social Organizations In Nepal:
Scout In Nepal
Background of Nepal:
In 1951, the monarchy system had been vanished forever; the system had been prevailing in the country centuries ago. In 1990, the government of Nepal had assimilated the constitutional system the same like constitutional system of the Great Britain. In 1996, the uprising of Maoist extremists started to eradicate the poor system of the government. Since then, civil war between the arm force of the government and Maoist rebellions continue up to 10 years. In April 2006, weeks of mass protest resulted in the negotiation between the Maoist and the government authority and promulgated an interim constitution in Nepal. After the nationwide election in April 2008, Nepal is proclaimed as a federal democratic republic by the newly formed constituent assembly and abolished the monarchy system from Nepal for good. Dr. Ram Baran Yadav was elected as the country’s first president by Constituent Assembly. Since the abolishment of the monarchy system from Nepal, there have become four prime minister in Nepal to finish the drafting the constitution. The lists of prime ministers are:
-Puspa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda)
-Madav Kumar Nepal
-Dr. Baburam Bhattrai (current prime minister in Nepal)